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group discussion
group discussion

Group discussion is when a group of people comes together to discuss a certain topic. Many Recruiters use group discussion (GD) to test a candidate’s communication skills, leadership skills, test topic knowledge, etc. There are also two other types in GD that test the lateral thinking of a candidate. It is a short case study & Group exercise. Often the group discussion rounds are considered tough, but it is not tough if you follow certain steps.

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Having Rich Content with Good knowledge Subject knowledge means being aware of the latest happenings in and around the world. 

  1. Subject knowledge is the prerequisite when you are preparing for the group discussion because then you have the power to take the discussion in any direction you want, and having the subject knowledge, you can contribute more to the discussion.
  2. The rich and right content is required during the group discussion rounds. You can do this by preparing on a variety of topics. Also, if you can remember some important points, it would be a plus point. Also, having a grasp on the topic will make you a winner in group discussion rounds.
  3. If you are a reader that loves to read on a variety of topics, there’s no need for last-minute preparation on a certain topic. You can also read magazines that can be beneficial to you but make sure you choose magazines that have rich content rather than magazines that are full of advertisements.
  1. Being a leader 
  1. Group discussion allows you to lead the discussion. When the moderator announces a certain topic, try to grasp ideas on that topic or some important points within a few seconds so that you can start a group discussion with a positive attitude and be a leader.
  2. It is not necessary that you should speak first if you are not able to grasp an idea soon. You can wait for someone to speak and then add on to it by taking the previous speaker’s name by agreeing or denying the speaker’s views. Giving such remarks (i.e., taking the name of the previous speaker) will make a good impact.
  3. Beginning the discussion first is an opportunity to make a good impact, but if you are not able to present your views, it creates a negative impact, so make sure that whatever views you try to present are heard and understood well by the other people contributing to the group discussion.

Why is networking important?

  • Try to be relevant to the topic. 
  1. Whenever you try to present your views, make sure that your views and points match or are related to the topic of the discussion.
  2. Don’t try to follow the ideas of other speakers. Rather, try to express your ideas as this will create a risk of elimination.
  3. You can describe your points by using facts and figures as this shows that you have studied the topic or know about the topic well. 
  1. Always try to be a good listener and learner during the group discussion rounds, as listening skills are essential during the group discussion rounds.
  2. Always speaking your views doesn’t make you better try to give other people a chance to speak and express their views.
  3. Listen carefully to what others are saying, as this will help you, later on, to summarize the discussion or add value to your content and communication.
  4. Whenever the speaker is having eye contact with you, make sure that you smile or nod your head as it shows that you are listening carefully and are an active participant in the discussion.
  1. You may have rich content and good subject knowledge, but if you are not able to communicate well, everything is useless.
  2. You can try to improve your communication skills by having a good vocabulary and a good command of English. You can rehearse before the GD round.
  3. You can use phrases like “I think that…..”; “if I can recall correctly, you said that …..” if you are not sure about a certain point. You can also use words like probably and approximately.
  1. It is one of the most important tools for group discussion. The panelist observes everything from the way you sit to your hand movements.
  2. The body gestures speak a lot about you. In the GD rounds, try not to lean on the chair and sit straight. Try not to knock the table with your fingers or pen as it creates a distraction to the one speaking.


  • Don’t take aggressive moves. 

You should be firm on your ideas. That is what is expected in a GD. Though you are trying to be audible to make an impact but try not to shout, be aggressive, or not allow any other person to speak.

Of course, the topic that’s been given is debatable. You may like to speak on both sides, like with and against the topic but be careful that you don’t crisscross your thoughts as it may have an impact on a person who is having no stand for his thoughts.

  • Try not to be a part of the fish market. 

Being a panelist of a group discussion, your ability to lead and play in the team is measured. There may be a time when everyone is speaking, and no one is being heard at that point in time. It would be a good move to be quiet and gather your thoughts and then try to explain your point by raising your voice initially.


  • try to make eye contact with everyone in the group discussion when they are speaking, or you are speaking as it shows your alertness 
  • try not to interrupt when others are talking as the recruiters are looking for a candidate who has team spirit 
  • It may happen that the other person has stolen the point that you may have noted down or planned to speak in GD. Do not panic. Take a deep breath and come back with the news like nothing happened, as the panelists can see how you react to such circumstances. 
  • If you are unaware of the topic, let the group mates speak first, take a clue and try to make your points. Or else you can rephrase what your group mates want to offer or try to reiterate their points, or in the worst case, you can summarize the discussion.
  • If you are aware of the topic, try to jot down the points and be the first to start the discussion. In this way, you can head towards a meaningful point of your choice.
  • You can participate in a mock GD. This will help to open the thought process to diverse topics, and a plus point, you can know about the strengths and shortcomings. You can also practice in front of the mirror. It also does a miracle. 
  • Most of the topics of GD are picked from the newspapers to make sure you are fully aware of what’s going in and around the world. If you don’t read newspapers and magazines, you can browse on different websites that will give you an overview of the latest happenings. 
  • You have noticed that your friend just makes 2 points whereas you presented 5 points, but he was the winner; remember the quantity doesn’t, but quality does. Make points that are relevant to the topic or are related. Don’t try to go out of the box.

Various Phases of group discussion 

Initial phase – you may be Anxious and nervous in this phase. In this general understanding of the candidates has been noticed. If you tried to be clear with your facts, have relevant knowledge needed for the topic, you will be able to catch the attention of the team members and the panelists. But if you do it because you want to do it. It will impact negatively.

Conflict – when the conflict started to increases, the group members try to challenge each other with their analytical data and facts. You may find some members may be supporting the views expressed, and some may be against. In this phase, try to be calm and emphatic. There may be passive participants who try to make them involved in the group discussion. You can also use your creativity in this phase.

Teamwork – in this phase, the conflicts are easy and quick to solve, and the team members communicate openly as the members come to a calm and collaborative mindset.

Performance- in this phase, evaluation of skills is done based on decision making, problem-solving, and teamwork. When everyone has presented their views, here comes the role of collaboration.

Conclusion- it is the final phase. All the points have been noted, and they try to reach the solution.


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